Dr. Lu received his medical degree from the Capital University of Medical Sciences in Beijing, China in 1990. He then completed residency training in orthopaedic surgery (1990-1995) and became an attending orthopaedic surgeon (1996) at the Ji-Shu-Tan hospital in Beijing, P.R.China. He began working as research associate (post-doctoral fellow) in the Comparative Orthopaedic Research Laboratory of the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1997. In 2000, he was hired as an Assistant Scientist in the Comparative Orthopaedic Research Laboratory under Dr. Markel's direction. Over the past 6 years, his efforts have focused on the effects of thermal energy (radiofrequency energy) on cartilage, joint capsular tissue, and meniscus. In addition, Dr. Lu has played a major role in investigating neocartilage transplantation from human xenografts and sheep allografts to resurface partial thickness and full thickness cartilage defects.