|Bordetella bronchiseptica as a zoonotic agent|
Bordetella are small, gram (-), bipolar rods.
Bordetella bronchiseptica-induced disease in animals:
Bordetella bronchiseptica-induced disease in humans:
This is an uncommon infection in humans (since 1911, 65 cases have been reported) that generally produces a relatively non-threatening, "whooping cough" (normally caused by Bordetella pertussis)-like syndrome in immunocompetent individuals. However, B. bronchiseptica has also been associated with endocarditis, peritonitis, meningitis and wound infections. In some cases, a direct connection to animals is obvious, e.g.,
Bordetella bronchiseptica is being isolated increasingly from immunocompromised hosts with respiratory tract infections ranging from sinusitis to pneumonia/pleuritis.
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